PCT National Phase Entry in Cambodia: The Essentials


In 2016, Cambodia became the 151st member of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, allowing entry into national phase in Cambodia for international patent applications. The Designated (or Elected) Office in Cambodia under the PCT is the Department of Industrial Property of Cambodia of the Ministry of Industry and Handicraft (DIPC). The time limit for entry into the national phase is 30 months from the priority date. The PCT entered into force in Cambodia on December 8, 2016, thus only international applications filed on or after this date may enter the National Phase in Cambodia.

In order to enter the PCT national phase in Cambodia, the following documentation must be submitted - in original - to the DIPC:

-        Certified copy of the International Application

-        An original notarized Power of Attorney

-        An original notarized statement justifying the applicant’s right to the patent

-        Name and address of the inventor, if they have not been furnished in the “request” part of the international application

-        Evidence of entitlement to claim priority, if the applicant is not the applicant who filed the earlier application

-        Document evidencing a change of name of the applicant, if the change occurred after the international filing date

The international application may be submitted in English but will need to be translated into the Cambodian language (Khmer).

Pharmaceutical inventions are excluded from patent protection in Cambodia, as the country was granted a temporary exception to TRIPS obligations as a least-developed country.

The competent international searching authorities are the European Patent Office, Japan Patent Office, Intellectual Property Office of Singapore and National Intellectual Property Administration of China. Assuming the international search has been carried out by that authority, each may also serve as the competent international preliminary examining authority.

Of particular note is that the Kingdom has opted out of Article 59 of the Treaty, which gives the International Court of Justice jurisdiction to adjudicate disputes between contracting states.

For more information on the patent system in general, refer to our Guide to Patent Law in Cambodia.

Cambodian Patents: Six Paths to Registration

Since enactment of the Cambodian patent law in 2003, Cambodia has entered into cooperation agreements with four foreign patent offices, as well as joining the Patent Cooperation Treaty in 2016. Aside from filing of a direct application with the Cambodian Patent Office, applicants can take advantage of the following paths to obtaining a patent registration:

  1. PCT National Phase Application
  2. Chinese Patent Validation
  3. Japanese Patent Acceleration
  4. Direct Filing to Cambodian Patent Office
  5. European Patent Validation
  6. Singaporean Patent Re-Registration

For more on the Cambodian patent system, readers can refer to our Guide to Patent Law in Cambodia.

Cambodian Patent Registration

Trademark Cancellation for Non-Use in Cambodia

Trademark cancellation for non-use in Cambodia is one of the most common grounds for having a mark removed from the Register. As Cambodia is a first-to-file system, trademark applicants do not need to be using the mark at the time of application, nor is there a requirement to prove any intent to use. To police trademark squatting, Article 15 of the Trademark Law states that:

“Any interested person may request the Ministry of Commerce to remove a mark from the Register, in respect of any of the goods or services in respect of which it is registered, on the ground that up to one month prior to filing the request, the mark had, after its registration, not been used by the registered owner or a licensee during a continuous period of five years, provided that a mark shall not be removed if it is shown that special circumstances prevented the use of the mark and that there was no intention not to use or to abandon the same in respect of those goods or services.”

Further, the law requires that an affidavit of use or non-use be filed in the fifth year of registration. In practice, if an interested party has requested removal of a mark on the ground of non-use, the Registrar will first look to whether the affidavit has been filed. If it has, the requestor will have a difficult burden to overcome, but could conceivably submit specific evidence showing that the mark has not been used and that there was no intention to use it. If, however, the affidavit has not been filed, the Registrar will inform the holder of the cancellation request and allow them a chance to submit evidence and rectify the situation. Should the trademark owner not respond, or not respond satisfactorily, the mark should be removed from the Register. The removal will be published in the Official Gazette, and the former owner and interested party will be informed.

There is at present no jurisprudence nor official guidance on who an “interested party” may be, nor what “special circumstances” would justify non-use. As a practical matter, the filing of the affidavit – whether indicating actual use, or justified non-use - is most often sufficient to defend against a non-use cancellation request. To prevent trademark cancellation for non-use, it is strongly recommended that the affidavit be timely filed in the fifth year of registration.


For more on the subject:

Trademark Oppositions & Cancellations in Cambodia

Guide to Trademark Law in Cambodia

The Ten Types of Trademarks in Cambodia

Trademarks in Cambodia can be categorized into ten broad classes, covering both the traditional marks (words, logos) as well as non-traditional marks like the product shape, architectural designs, and holograms.

The key criteria is that it must be visible - Article 2(a) of the Trademark Law states that a "mark means any visible sign capable of distinguishing the goods (trademark) or services (service mark) of an enterprise". This excludes such non-traditional marks as sounds, smells, tastes and touches.


1. Word

Likely the most common type of trademark in Cambodia, a word mark is simply the combination of letters, registered in standard font without any styling:



2. Device / Logo

Drawings or pictures:


3. Word & Device

Any combination of drawings or pictures in combination with words:


4. Product Shape

The shape of the product itself, also referred to as a type of trade dress or a 3-d mark:


5. Product Packaging

Also a type of 3-d mark or trade dress, the packaging that the product comes in, rather than the product itself:


6. Label

Rather than the entire packaging, the printing appearing on the packaging can be registered separately:


7. Architectural Design

The design of a building or landmark, or elements thereof (see our prior post for more)


8. Colors

While single color marks are not registerable, when a color is in combination with a particular product feature, it could be registerable. Christian Louboutin was able to register their red shoe sole:


9. Hologram ?

A type of 3-D image, holograms have been registered in other jurisdictions. While our research failed to reveal any registrations in Cambodia, they would likely satisfy the "visual" requirement, and be registerable in our view.


10. Motion ?

Distinctive motions are registerable as trademarks in a number of jurisdictions. An uncommon type of trademark, the most famous examples are the rising doors of a Lamborghini and the changing colors of the Microsoft logo on the startup screen. To our knowledge, no motion marks have yet to be filed in Cambodia, but we would likely qualify as "visible" and therefore be accepted.




Trademarks in Architecture: The State of Cambodian Law

Two pending trademark applications for architectural designs raise the question of the scope of trademark protection for building designs in Cambodia.

Many jurisdictions around the world recognize trademark rights in both specific elements of a building - such as an iconic statute, door, or spire - as well as potentially in the overall design of the building itself. The key legal question that the trademark office and courts contend with is whether the public, when viewing the building or design elements, associates it with the company applying for the trademark. A balance needs to be struck between protecting consumers from confusion, and not granting exclusive use of common architectural designs and elements.

In Cambodia, based on our trademark searches, the only architectural designs currently registered are for gas stations, held by Total, BP, and Sokimex (a local company). Their registrations cover the gas station awning, and in the case of Total and BP, also the signage on the pumps and main sign showing the gas prices, as show below:

The key to these designs being accepted for registration is their color schemes. As almost every modern gas station shares the same basic layout of pumps and an awning, it is only the design in combination with the colors that allows the consumer to associate the station with a particular source, and makes them protectable.

In terms of the Cambodian Trademark Law, an architectural design application will not be registered "if it is incapable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises" (Article 4(a)).

Just recently, Shell joined the competition and filed a series of trademarks (application numbers KH/80564/18, KH/80565/18, and KH/80566/18) for their own gas station designs, as shown below:

Similar to those of BP, Total and Sokimex, the Shell application shows the architectural layout of the station in combination with at least two colors, and we would expect it likewise to be accepted for registration.

Leaving gas-stations aside, two recent applications (KH/77122/17 and KH/77120/17) by Wynn Resorts will test the scope of trademark protection in architectural designs. Last year they filed for the design of their casino resort, submitting the following specimen:

Whereas the gas stations combined generic architectural elements with two or more colors, the Wynn applications are monochrome. The two applications are still pending, a decision should be expected this year. Check back for an update!

Webinar: Trade Mark Protection for EU SMEs in Cambodia's Fashion and Textile Industry


Join Mr. Pheng Thea, Principal of Abacus IP and the IPR SME Helpdesk expert in Cambodia, to learn about practical IP steps to be taken related to  trademark protection in Cambodia. This presentation is complemented by case studies and a live Q&A session where all questions raised by the webinar attendees are given an expert response.

This Webinar will give European SMEs all the necessary information on trademark protection in the fashion and textile industry in Cambodia. The expert will provide a basic understanding of the Trademark landscape in Cambodia, including registration - and its requirements - as well as enforcement in case your IP rights get infringed. For EU SMEs interested in expanding into Cambodia's rapidly expanding textile and fashion industry, this Webinar is a perfect first step to explore opportunities for sustainable internationalisation.

May 31st, 2018
Agenda (Brussels time):
10:00-10:05 Welcome and introduction by the IPR SME Helpdesk
10:05-10:45 Presentation by the South-East Asia IPR SME Helpdesk expert Mr. Thea Pheng
10:45-11:00 Live Q&A session


About the South-East Asia IPR SME Helpdesk

he South-East Asia IPR SME Helpdesk supports European Union (EU) small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) to both protect and enforce their Intellectual Property (IP) rights in or relating to South-East Asian countries, through the provision of free information and services. These take the form of jargon-free, first-line, confidential advice on intellectual property and related issues, plus training, materials and online resources.
The South-East Asia IPR SME Helpdesk project is co-funded by the European Commission. The current project runs from January 2015 – December 2017, and comprises a total budget of EUR 2.4 million over the thirty-six month period.

The Helpdesk's free services for European SMEs include:
Helpdesk Enquiry Service – Confidential Advice
Individual SMEs and SME intermediaries can submit IP enquiries directly to the Helpdesk via phone, email or in person, getting access to a panel of experts to receive free and confidential first-line advice.

The Helpdesk arranges training on IP protection in South-East Asian countries and enforcement in Europe and South-East Asia, tailored to the needs of SMEs, including:
General IP issues, including IP registration and establishing an IP protection strategy.
Practical business challenges such as choosing a South-East Asian business partner, attending a trade fair, licensing.
Helpdesk IP Clinics offering SMEs free 20-minute one-on-one consultations with an IP expert are available at most training events.
Train-the-trainer resources for SME service providers and intermediary bodies (Trade Associations, SME Networks etc.) to improve the awareness of intermediary representatives about the scope and tools offered by the Helpdesk for the benefit of intermediary members.

Industry and business-focused guides and training materials address IP issues in South-East Asia by:
IP topic, including patents, trademarks, copyrights, licensing, dealing with counterfeiting.
Business focus, including IP as a business asset, technology transfer, finding the right lawyer.
Nation and Industry, including textiles, medical devices, ceramics.




• 申请表
• 中国专利的描述、专利要求书、摘要和图纸(如有)的认证副本
• 由中国国家知识产权局颁发的专利登记簿
• 经公证的委派中介的委托书原件
• 高棉语的翻译件,可以在提出申请后六个月内归档







在公告中,集成电路被定义为“一种处于成品形状或中介形式的产品,其中的元素至少有一个是有源元件,并且部分或者全部互连线路整体形成一块材料或在一块材料中,并且旨在执行电子功能。“ 布图设计的定义是“集成电路中至少有一个是有源元件的两个以上元件和部分或者全部互连线路的三维配置,或者为制造集成电路而准备的上述三维配置。”
若要注册,布图设计在世界上任何地方必须之前未经过商业利用,或者受制于商业利用未超过两年时间。 设计必须是原创的,即为创作者自己努力的结果,并且在创作时并不普遍。
申请表格必须连同以下内容提交 :
- 集成电路的名称,
- 商业利用信息,
- 优先权要求(如适用)
- 附件,包括集成电路布图设计的任何照片/图纸和说明,
- 授权委托书,如果申请人由代理人代理
- 关于任何先前国际注册的信息和表明这种注册的证据
- 官方费用付款收据。
如果申请符合宣告中规定的要求,注册处将在集成电路布图设计注册之前,在工业产权公告中发布必要的信息。 任何利害关系人可以在公布之日起30天内提出异议。
- 集成电路的布局设计在世界上任何地区都有商业利用,利用时间超过两年,或者不是原创的;
- 所有者不是《宣言》下的受保护人。
- 复制全部或部分内容,但复制任何不符合独创性要求的部分的行为除外,以及
- 出于商业目的进口,销售或以其他方式分发受保护的布局设计或任何包含受保护的布局设计的材料,除非得到所有者的授权。

如果品种是新颖的,独特的,一致的和稳定的,则可以受到保护。 新颖性标准要求,截至提交日期,该品种在柬埔寨尚未售出或以其他方式在市场上推广一年以上,或者在树木或葡萄藤的情况下超过六年,或者所有在柬埔寨以外其他品种超过四年。 独特性要求,与其他在申报时或优先权日期已存在并众所周知的植物品种相比,该新品种必须可以与之明显区分开来。 均匀性要求新品种在其相关特性上足够统一,无论它是以性方式还是无性方式繁殖。 最后,如果一个品种的相关特性在繁殖周期结束时和每一代中保持不变,则认为该品种是稳定的。
申请人必须成功培育,发现和开发了该植物品种,并且是柬埔寨国民,或者是以柬埔寨为家乡,惯常居住在国际植物新品种保护联盟 (UPOV)成员国,或与柬埔寨签订互惠谅解备忘录的国家。 植物品种可以在工业和手工业部注册,工业和手工业部会将此申请委托给农业、林业和渔业部 进行技术测试。 该法律规定,申请表应附有工业和手工业部决定意见所要求的其他文件和资料,但尚未印发。若农业、林业和渔业部的技术测试结果良好,并且品种命名是可以接受的,则注册处必须授予证书并在官方公告中发布通知。 异议提交日期为公布之日起三个月。
除了四项技术标准(新颖性,独特性,一致性和稳定性)之外,申请人必须根据法律规定为品种命名或指定一个名称。 这些命名必须已经在国际植物新品种保护联盟(UPOV)成员国中指定或注册。 即使在植物育种者权利期满后,那些在柬埔寨利用受保护品种的人也必须使用植物的已注册命名,除非有一个在先权可以阻止此类使用。 命名也可以是商号,商标或其他类似标志的标志。
任何人出于繁殖目的生产或复制或调整,要约销售,销售或营销,进口或出口或库存受保护的品种均应被认定为侵权。 保护范围涵盖以下所有类别 a)基本上衍生自受保护品种,b)与其没有明显区别,c)其生产需要重复使用受保护品种。 该产权受到若干重要限制,即出于实验,私人和非商业目的,以及为了培育其他品种为目的,还有某些例外情况。 此外,任何人都可以要求工业和手工业部 和农业,林业和渔业部授予基于公共利益的强制许可,前提是权利所有者得到了适当报酬。
保护期限一般为自授予之日起20年,但具有特殊特征的品种除外(例如树木和葡萄树),年限为25年。 可能会要求所有权人向注册处提供一份繁殖材料样品,以及其他关于该品种的可用信息,以维护其权利。 必须支付年度维护费才能保持注册有效。
权利受到损害的权利人可以向主管法院提起申诉,要求索偿损失,采取临时措施防止侵权,罚款,扣押和销毁侵权物品和/或赔偿金。 法律规定只有在被告人故意侵权的情况下才会受到刑事处罚,可判处五百万至二千万里尔(1250至5000美元)罚金,一至五年监禁或两者并罚。 屡犯者的处罚力度将翻倍。


柬埔寨 工业品外观设计导读


工业品外观设计的法律定义为“任何线条、颜色、形状、或任何材料的组合,无论是否涉及线条或颜色,[…]前提是该组合,形式或材料给予一个工业品或手工产品特殊的外观并且可以作为一个工业品或手工产品的样品,而且富有美感且可以用眼睛判断。“ 因此,涉及诸如触感或声音等其他感官的方面是不受保护的。保护并不延展至主要出于技术或功能上的考虑而进行以至于在外观特征方面无任何自由的设计部分。
工业品外观设计必须是“新颖的”才能进行注册,这意味着在申请提交日之前,在优先权日期(如适用)之前,它们不得已经在世界任何地方以有形形式或通过利用或任何其他方式向公众披露。 以下情况不视为公开披露:a)发生在申请提交日之前十二个月内,在申请优先权日期(如适用)之前,b)如果是由于申请人或其之前所有权持有人所作行为导致,或者是第三方滥用行为导致。 违反公共秩序或道德的工业品外观设计无法在柬埔寨注册。

工业品外观设计申请可在工业和手工业部下属的工业产权局提交。申请表格和构成申请一部分的任何文件必须以高棉文提交。 填写申请表所需的信息如下:
- 申请人和发明人的姓名,地址,国籍和联系方式;
- 工业品外观设计的名称;
- 工业品外观设计的国际分类;
- 指示将使用该工业品外观设计的产品的种类;
- 工业品外观设计的新颖性标示和可保护点;
- 工业品外观设计的简要说明;
除非在劳动合同中另有约定,否则雇员创造的作品属于雇主。在这种情况下,进行此项注册将需要一份经过公证的声明原件,证明申请人的权利。如果申请人的常住地或主要营业地在柬埔寨境外,申请人必须由在柬埔寨王国居住和执业的代理人代理 。申请人必须在申请日起两个月内向注册处提供经过公证的授权委托书原件。
由于柬埔寨是《巴黎公约》和世界贸易组织的成员,因此申请可以根据较早的国家、地区或国际申请要求优先权。 优先权期限自提交第一次申请之日起六个月。 在这种情况下,工业产权局将要求优先权申请的认证副本。在先申请认证副本的提交期限为注册处提出要求之日起三个月。 在先申请认证副本的柬埔寨文译本必须在请求之日起六个月内提交给注册处。
若所有的要求都已满足,按照当前的处理时间,从申请到获得注册证书大约需要四到六个月的时间。 这一时间预计基于根据过去的经验,根据注册处的工作量,可能需要更长的时间。工业和手工业部关于工业品外观设计注册通过或拒绝的决定,可以在决定后的三个月内向管辖法院提出上诉。


工业品外观设计的核心权利,是防止他人利用已注册工业品外观设计的权利。 “利用”是指制造,销售或进口纳入工业品外观设计的物品。 若有人在未经授权或同意的情况下通过此类行为侵犯已注册工业品外观设计,或使侵权情况更有可能出现,则该工业品外观设计所有权人可以对其提起法院诉讼。 柬埔寨遵守商标权的国内用尽原则,即平行进口,也被称为灰市商品,被认定为侵权。
工业品外观设计的注册有效期为注册申请提交之日起五年。通过支付官方费用,该注册可以每次五年连续两次更新,总共十五年。 续展申请表必须连同原始注册证书在注册到期之前的六个月内一并提交。 如果工业品外观设计的所有者由一位代理人代表,则需要一份经过公证的授权委托书原件。到期之后有6个月的宽限期,但须缴纳附加费,超过此宽限期注册将视为放弃。

任何利害关系人可以要求管辖法院作废已授予的工业品外观设计。 如果可以证明工业品外观设计的主题不合适,或不符合工业品外观设计的定义,或不是新的,或其所有者不是所有权的创造者或继承者,或者它违背公共秩序和道德,或被法律禁止,则该请求会被批准。 被作废的注册,自其注册之日起被视为无效。 管辖法院必须通知工业产权局进行备案记录和公布。

任何工业品外观设计注册或申请的利害关系人都可以要求注册处更改所有权。所有权变更请求必须采用书面形式,并由注册处备案并公布。这种变更在完成备案之前,不会对第三方产生任何影响。 同样,许可合同需要在注册处备案,否则对第三方无效。 注册处将保密其内容。要求更改所有权或使用许可合同备案需要支付官方费用。

工业品外观设计的注册持有者享受专有权,可阻止他人制造,销售或进口纳入工业品外观设计的物品。当未经所有权人授权或同意擅自利用工业品外观设计时,则发生侵权。 一旦收到所有权人请求,法院可以发布禁令以防止侵权或即发侵权,裁决赔偿并授予法律规定的任何其他补救措施。 许可合同已在注册处备案的被许可方,也可以要求管辖法院在所有者拒绝或无法这样做时立即采取行动。


在柬埔寨,至今已有两个地理标志获得注册 - 贡布胡椒和磅士卑棕榈糖,均在2010年。随后,这些产品在越南(2016年12月),泰国(2017年3月)和欧盟(贡布胡椒为2016年2月份,磅士卑棕榈糖仍处于未决状态)获得保护进一步的潜在地理标志包括白马盐花,桔井葡萄柚,Phnom Srok丝绸,马德望香米,马德望橙子,暹粒发酵鱼,和贡布榴莲。
柬埔寨的地理标志基于三项法律文书。2009年5月18日发布的第一份《地理标志注册和保护程序的宣告(指引法令)》,成为了贡布胡椒和磅士卑棕榈糖注册的基础。但是,该宣告已被2014年1月20日的《地理标志法》所取代。虽然这第一份宣告不再有效,但法律明确规定,在法律之前注册的任何地理标志(即贡布胡椒和磅士卑棕榈糖)仍然有效。 法律颁布后,另一份《地理标志注册和保护程序的宣告》于2016年12月29日生效。
2018年3月9日,柬埔寨成为第一个加入《原产地名称和地理标志里斯本协定日内瓦文本》的国家。这为生产者提供了一个更快、更便宜的程序来保护他们在国外的独特名称。 《日内瓦文本》将在五个符合资格的缔约方交存批准书或加入书后三个月生效。

值得注意的是,虽然地理标志通常以其地理区域名称命名,但地理标志产品的生产地区不一定与典型地图上的行政边界相同。因此,贡布胡椒的产区覆盖了贡布省的大部分,但不是全部,以及邻近的白马省全省。 同样,磅士卑棕榈糖可在磅士卑省以及邻近的磅清扬省,干丹省和金边等省份收集,生产和包装。

申请地理标志的第一步是组建一个地理标志协会 及其内政部。希望取得地理标志的生产者团体,经营者,机构和其他利害相关方必须组成这样一个非营利协会,并将其章程送存商务部。该协会本身,而不是其个人成员,是地理标志的申请人和持有人。 除申请和持有地理标志外,该协会的主要职责是确保其成员遵守规格书和其他法律要求。目前已成立了两个协会 - 磅士卑棕榈糖推广协会和贡布辣椒推广协会。
一旦协会成立,注册申请可提交至商务部。申请应包括相关的政府表格,以高棉文或英文书写,还有规格书,产品样本和申请费收据。 申请提交后,商务部会核实其是否满足必要的要求,并在四十五天内通知申请人。 如果申请被视为有缺陷,申请人有六个月时间纠正所发现的问题或以其他方式回应注册处,否则申请将被视为放弃。
一旦申请被视为完成,它将进入实质审查阶段。这需要商务部核实申请中信息的准确性,并确保该信息不能违反法律,道德,宗教信仰,良好风俗或公共秩序,没有误导或混淆,不是植物品种名称或动物品种名称,而且不是通用名词。 商务部还将访问该产品的生产地点,并可邀请申请人或有关人士提供进一步解释或证据。商务部还可以自由邀请专家提供咨询意见,并在决定申请时考虑这一点。
若申请通过实质审查,商务部会予以注册地理标志并向申请人颁发证书。地理标志将在注册日期之后30天内 在商务部的官方公报上发布,向任何利害相关方均有提出反对注册的机会。 异议必须在公布后90天内根据《地理标志法》 第4条(地理标志的定义)和第10条规定的理由提出,否则注册将为终局裁定。

在任何外国注册的地理标志可以在柬埔寨重新注册,从而赋予持有者与国内地理标志相同的权利。 外国地理标志必须按照其原籍国的法律进行注册,并且不得在那里被滥用。
外国地理标志注册申请必须由合法商标代理人,行政代表或外商代表向商务部提出。 如上所述,国内申请人的申请和异议程序相同。

认证机构或控制机构每年应进行一次规格书合规性检验。该机构必须在柬埔寨合法注册,经商务部批准并根据国际标准组织认证或以其他方式拥有可靠的控制系统,否则可由地理标志协会自由选择。 在贡布辣椒案例中,认证机构为法国ECOCERT组织。该机构将向商务部知识产权司提交年度报告。 外文报告必须通过以认证翻译的方式翻译成高棉文,并包括经认证的生产者,操作者,产品,数量和所采取措施的清单。
该机构负责向商务部报告任何违规事件,并采取对策和制裁措施。 这些范围可以从评论和建议,到永久撤销操作者或生产者使用地理标志的权利。

已注册的地理标志只能由协会成员、生产商和/或操作员使用,且仅可用于遵循规格书生产的产品。 该权利不得转让给第三方。 地理标志持有人,即协会,可以向管辖法院投诉任何未经授权参与使用地理标志的人。这被定义为任何:
- 出于直接或间接商业目的滥用已注册地理标志,将其用于与注册地理标志的产品相同或相似的产品,并且从这种滥用中获益或从地理标志的声誉中获益;
- 未经授权使用,模仿,重现地理标志,或该地理标志用于翻译中,即使商品的真实原产地附有“风格”,“类型”,“方法”,“方式”,“模仿”或类似表达方式,或者类似可能会误导公众的表述;
- 包装上出现关于商品原产地、性质或特定品质的虚假或误导性指示,或者在广告材料以及与商品有关的其他材料中使用容易混淆其原产地的虚假或误导性指示;
- 其他可能会误导公众的商品真实原产地的做法。

地理标志注册及其申请因此可能会在某些情况下禁止商标注册。因此,如果与早先提交的地理标志申请相同或混淆性相似,则商标申请将被拒绝。 此外,一旦地理标志注册,则它将阻止相同类型商品的任何商标被注册,前提是该商标具有误导性,比相同或混淆性相似有更广泛的标准。 然而,在地理标志之前以诚意注册的商标在相关新的法律或规定通过之前享有特权,意味着它们可以继续使用,前提是没有其他无效理由。

作为临时措施,经法院命令,涉嫌侵犯地理标志的商品可能被扣留,其生产中使用的任何材料和核心设备也可能被扣留。 任何进口,出口,出售或要约出售的侵权商品都可由主管当局经法院命令没收,不论是否有人被定罪。
- 出于直接或间接商业目的滥用已注册地理标志,将其用于与注册地理标志的产品相同或相似的产品,并且从这种滥用中获益或从地理标志的声誉中获益;
- 未经授权使用,模仿,重现地理标志,或该地理标志用于翻译中,即使商品的真实原产地附有“风格”,“类型”,“方法”,“方式”,“模仿”或类似表达方式,或者类似可能会误导公众的表述;
- 关于包装上出现的商品的原产地,性质或特定质量,或广告材料或其他有关商品可能误导其来源的文件的虚假或误导性表示;
- 其他可能会误导公众的商品真实原产地的做法。
对于被认定对侵犯地理标志负责的法律实体,适用额外的刑事处罚。 对上述行为违法行为的法定实体的刑罚为两千万至五千万里尔(约合5000至12500美元),并加上《刑法》中规定的额外处罚,例如法律实体的解散和清算,司法部门监督下的安置,禁止开展活动,取消公开招标资格,所有权出售和没收物品的销毁,没收第三方权利,决定公布,以及通过视听通信广播决定。